The CDC recently published a document called, Preventing Multiple Forms of Violence: A Strategic Vision for Connecting the Dots, which argues that domestic, sexual and child violence all have similar roots and similar consequences, so we should be strategic in addressing them ALL, focusing on the following:
- Childhood and adolescence to achieve long-term impact (through age 20)
- Populations and communities at high risk for experiencing or perpetrating violence (people under 24 years old, women and girls, people with disabilities, and people living with inequities related to socioeconomic status, race and gender)
- Shared risk and protective factors that are most important for reducing multiple forms of violence (youth's problem-solving & impulse control, family conflict, social connections, intense help for survivors)
- Facilitate the identification, implementation, and scale-up of approaches that have cross-cutting impact (programs that improve parent-child relationships, early childhood education, universal school-based programs that emphasize social-emotional learning, bystander approaches, and therapeutic interventions for survivors).
In addition to the above, we know safe, affordable childcare (including second-shift care) keeps children safe; increasing access to mental health and substance abuse services can help adults who have experienced trauma from passing it down; and encouraging community conversations about violence is fundamental. We know community policing, bystander interventions, multi-session interventions (deep instead of broad), recreation, afterschool programs, youth involvement and bringing outside presenters into schools for hard topics work. We know engaging existing groups (faith, schools & afterschool, workplaces, etc.) and intervening across the Socio-Ecological Model works.
Below are some evidence-based programs currently in our community:
Incredible Years: This is a 14-week program for parents of children ages 2-5 to strengthen parenting competencies and foster parents’ involvement in children’s school experiences in order to promote children’s academic, social and emotional competencies and reduce conduct problems.
Triple P (Positive Parenting Program): Triple P offers different levels (from 90-minute seminars to 8-session classes) for parents to build skills and confidence dealing with a wide range of child behaviors, reducing family stress and strengthening relationships.
Nurse Family Partnership: This is an intensive home-visiting program that lasts from pregnancy through the child's second year.
Shifting Boundaries: A two-part intervention designed to reduce dating violence and sexual harassment among middle school youth, the program includes a mapping exercise where students map out unsafe areas in their school.
Safe Dates: This is a school-based prevention program for middle and high school students designed to stop or prevent the initiation of dating violence victimization and perpetration.
Below are some programs that have seen success in other communities:
Bringing in the Bystander: While still involving programming that trains groups of individuals, this model takes next steps toward a broader community approach to prevention, defining a bystander's role as interrupting potentially violent situations, speaking out against negative social norms, and skills training.
Green Dot: A bystander program that teaches students how to identify situations that could lead to an act of violence (represented on incident maps by a red dot) and shows them how to intervene safely and effectively (turning that crisis moment into a "green dot").